When I began to think about my next business venture, I realized my passions had shifted, and that I was fueled not only by affecting positive change, but also by my family. Family inspires me to work harder, be better, and push through any roadblocks that may come my way. It has become the foundation of my current company, Picniic. Find the thing that motivates you to get up and work every day, and make it the core of your business.
Throughout your customer journey, there are bound to be moments when timely intervention on your part makes the difference between a sale and a “let me think about it.” Make sure that your marketing supports sales in finding these moments – whether it means sending automated follow-up emails to prospects that leave the road or designing new offers.
Selling digital products can be just as successful as selling physical products. Graphics, software, eBooks, design elements, sound effects, songs, and videos are just a few types of digital products that are in popular demand. So if you can turn your hand to creating digital products, let’s have a look at how you can make money online from this skill…
If before now you are discouraged about starting your own Bible school because of the cost of renting facility and acquiring furniture et al, then you don’t need to be discouraged anymore because with the internet, you will spend far less starting an online Bible School compared to what you will spend when setting up a brick and mortar Bible School.
If you hate the idea of writing you can always outsource that work to somebody else. But writing great content for an affiliate site really isn't that difficult. It just takes a bit of practice, and once you see those first commission checks you'll be up writing articles for your site before work, during your lunch break, and when you should be sound asleep in bed. Successful affiliate marketers can be real gluttons for punishment.
The question then becomes, how can you take advantage of this massive surge of spending happening every second of every single day online? The truth? Whether you're looking to start a simple online business as a side hustle, or you're quite literally looking to get rich and make an exorbitant amount of money online, there are 7 businesses that simply can't be overlooked. 
If you have authentic information to share and something that’s not just regurgitated information, then you’ll gain people’s respect and confidence. Build a marketing funnel, send some Facebook traffic to a lead capture page, and sell information products. This is all possible when you email market the right way. Once you get people hooked on what you’re selling them, you will begin to see an influx of forever clients or returning customers.
How about setting up a business that focuses on outsourcing? Most successful service providers on the internet find that they need external help at some point. They might have a blogging client that requires logo design. They might have a guest posting service client that needs web design . Instead of actually providing the services personally, you could outsource and take a profit margin of your choice! Make sure you learn how to outsource first!

The vacation rental business is booming. While the mere mention of it might make you think about billion-dollar titans like AirBnB or HomeAway, there are niche businesses like Michael Joseph's InvitedHome and Joe Poulin's Luxury Retreats and many others being carved out across a variety of markets. When it comes to vacation rental homes and vacation rental management, companies are earning anywhere between 10 percent and 40 percent on the gross rental rate depending on the location and the management level.
Now, it’s time to start creating and uploading content. Make sure you’re using a high-enough quality camera (most smartphones will work but I’d suggest at least having a tripod so your footage isn’t shaky), but don’t worry about being perfect at first. The beauty of YouTube is that you can continue to test out different content and styles as you find what works for you. Instead, stick to a regular schedule to build up your subscriber base.

Test websites. Remote usability testing means getting paid to navigate a website for the first time and giving feedback to the website owner. Most tests take approximately 15 minutes, and you can get paid up to $10 for each test. A test involves performing a scenario on the client’s website and recording yourself doing it. For example, you might be asked to go through the process of selecting and purchasing an item on a retailer’s website.[1]


Another way to make money blogging is through affiliate marketing (that’s where DollarSprout makes most of its revenue). Affiliate marketing means you link to a product for sale on another site and when readers click your link and buy the product, you get a cut of the profits. Amazon has an affiliate marketing program that’s easy to use and a great starting point for new bloggers.
Has anyone ever told you you have a voice for radio? Are you great at creating original characters with just your voice? There are tons of people looking to pay for quality voice overs for their corporate videos, animation series, or educational videos. Check out Fiverr and UpWork or create a profile on a specialized site like Voices.com or The Voice Realm to get started making money online doing voice overs.
If you are looking for some technology-focused know-about, this is a blog to read. It is one of the best online marketing platforms and provides real insights on tech and gadget coverage. The PSFK  is an excellent technology-focused platform that predicts the future of the industry. It keeps you well–prepared for the upcoming changes.The Bookmark is a name that is recognized worldwide when it comes to marketing. This company has done quite well regarding global marketing and using creative and innovative strategies.
That's where Swagbucks comes in. Marketers and brands literally pay Swagbucks users to try their products and services. In many cases, the amount of money that marketers pay will cover a portion of the cost of the product or service itself. However, there are some cases where companies reward users with more than the cost of the service. This is often the case with subscription services where advertisers want to entice consumers into an initial trial of their service with the hope that consumers will stay subscribed after the trial period.
Today's consumers are used to companies fighting for their dollars and inventing comprehensive and meaningful user experiences for them. For instance, your lifeless social media accounts or the poor design of your blog can negatively impact the overall impression your brand leaves with its audience (you can check out awesome web templates here). Today's customers find it equally annoying when an offline shop does not accept credit cards or an online retailer does not respond to Twitter or Instagram comments. You want your digital presence to be seamlessly integrated into people's everyday lives, so personalize and improve your communication, offer free resources and services that are relevant to the product you are selling. Smart branding always pays off. That's one of the most proven digital marketing tips for small businesses in 2018.
The keyboard shortcut “Ctrl + F” means that you first press and hold the Ctrl key (should be bottom left of keyboard) and then press “F”. This shortcut will open up a “Find” window in whatever application you currently have up on your screen (like a browser or word document). You can type anything you want into the “find” window and it will search and find it for you.
If you're ready to enter the ecommerce fray, you could sell your own stuff. Of course, along with selling your own stuff on your own website comes a whole slew of both responsibilities and technical configuration and requirements. For starters, you'll need a website and a hosting account. You'll also need a merchant account like ones offered by Stripe or PayPal. Then you'll need to design that site, build a sales funnel, create a lead magnet and do some email marketing.
Here your task is to give recommendations on how a client can get more traffic and leads for their website. SEO consultants need to know various methods of optimising website content, including being able to do keyword research to determine which words would be optimal to use in titles, headlines, descriptions, articles or any other text that appears on your website.

Overall, the Internet itself is overflowing with one money making opportunity after another. While making money online for most people isn’t their primary source of income, it can net a very solid supplement stream of incoming dollars each month. There are some online entrepreneurs, however, that are managing to mine gold due to all the effort, persistence, and time they’ve invested in order to make that dream come true. Can one of these online money making options work for you?
Aaron Wall is the founder of SEO Book, an online resource that offers the #1 SEO training program and online resources. SEO Book was launched in 2003 and focuses on techniques and strategies that are founded on years of experience and education. The company helps clients with an array of verticals in order to grow businesses to their full potential with the power of search engine marketing. Wall maintains that “search is the most powerful marketing channel ever created because it is demand driven.”

You can delve into original content marketing research which includes information on the content marketing industry’s benchmarks, trends, and budgets. Their blogs are a home to several compelling articles written about content strategy, storytelling and blogging best practices. Another bonus is that it keeps you updated with the latest content marketing events.
My name is Jamie Spencer and I have spent the past 5 years building money making blogs. After growing tired of the 9-5, commuting and never seeing my family I decided that I wanted to make some changes and launched my first blog. Since then I have launched lots of successful niche blogs and after selling my survivalist blog I decided to teach other people how to do the same.
It’s an excellent opportunity to offer technical training courses that teach people how to learn a much-needed skill, or accomplish an important task. It could also prove to be an important testing ground for your educational courses. If you are able to market your course on the site, against direct competition, you may be able to direct marketing to the general public, using a website, videos, or even an affiliate marketing program.
Ann Smarty is co-founder of Viral Content Buzz and before that was editor in chief at Search Engine Journal, an industry leading SEO blog. She is a branding manager at Internet Marketing Ninjas and founder of MyBlogGuest, the Internet’s first guest blogging community. She has guest blogged for Mashable, SEOMoz, Internet Marketing Ninjas, MakeUseOf, Social Media Examiner and MarketingProfs.
English is rapidly becoming the most dominant language in the world. That means the demand for English teachers in other countries is far outstripping the supply. One of the most common remedies to this situation is to hire online English teachers and tutors. The best part is that becoming one of these tutors is a great way to make money from home online!
To get the most out of internet marketing, make sure that you’re not just using multiple channels, but also that you’re integrating these channels into one coherent system. Promote your content across multiple channels, spread the word about your email list on social media, and put your social media handles into your marketing emails. You can also integrate some of your offline marketing techniques with internet marketing strategies.
6. IZEA – IZEA works in addition to a blog or on its own. You get paid to blog, tweet, take photos and take videos. The pay is mostly based on your following, so if you want to make money with your tweets, you’ll need to grow you Twitter following.  Likewise, if you want to make money with blogs, you’ll need substantial blog traffic (more on blogging below).
Content Marketing Institute is your one stop shop for all things content marketing! Whether you’re a beginner or an expert, write for B2B or B2C, you’re bound to learn something new here. Some of the things we love most about CMI’s blog are their extensive case studies and statistics (the most cited in the industry!). Another cool feature is the ability to search for content by industry, so you’ll always find something that matters to you.
Love ’em or hate him, Gary Vaynerchuk (a.k.a. Gary Vee) has been a pioneer in the digital marketing field since the late 90s. He’s a self-described serial entrepreneur and the CEO and co-founder of VaynerMedia, a full-service digital agency serving Fortune 500 clients across the company’s four locations. Check out the latest videos on his YouTube channel, The #AskGaryVee Show.

If you're at all scarcity-minded, it's important to understand how much abundance exists today. Considering that virtually every brick-and-mortar store has made the transition to an online business, there's certainly no shortage of competition. But there's also plenty of so-called blue ocean. While most might make it out to seem like Amazon is the only company reaping the benefits of the ecommerce boom here, the growth is widespread and across every single sector in business.
As of October 2018 almost 4.2 billion people were active internet users and 3.4 billion were social media users (Statista). China, India and the United States rank ahead all other countries in terms of internet users. This gives a marketer an unprecedented number of customers to reach with product and service offerings, available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The interactive nature of the internet facilitates immediate communication between businesses and consumers, allowing businesses to respond quickly to the needs of consumers and changes in the marketplace.
Instead, create more simplistic goals. These become small steps that eventually create real change in your life. Start with simple goals, such as joining a gym. Get to the gym three times a week during the first month, and then progress to five times a week in the second month. Put the weight and dress sizes on the back burner. When you start off with simplistic goals, the other accomplishments will follow.
Running a coupons website can be very lucrative. Find a coupon niche, select a WordPress coupon theme, and then display relevant coupons on your site. When your audience uses the coupon codes or discount links, you will earn an affiliate cut, for example, you could set-up a site dedicated to iHerb Coupons or add a page to your website with Web Hosting Promo Codes. Coupon websites are quite high maintenance as they need to be constantly updated with new offers. However, if you build up an engaged audience and allow them to post coupons and discounts they have found themselves, then quite quickly your workload will reduce.

Connecting the dots between marketing and sales is hugely important -- according to Aberdeen Group, companies with strong sales and marketing alignment achieve a 20% annual growth rate, compared to a 4% decline in revenue for companies with poor alignment. If you can improve your customer's' journey through the buying cycle by using digital technologies, then it's likely to reflect positively on your business's bottom line.


The quote above was taken from one of Baer’s presentations, Youtility, which talks about how marketing isn’t just competing for attention against other products, but other life elements around your target audience (such as family and friends). Companies shouldn’t be thinking about how they can become more exciting, but how they can help their target audience better.


“Look at the audience you’ve attracted. Even better, look closely at those who have already purchased from you. If you already have a list of 5,000 or more, instead of focusing on adding to your email list or growing your social media audience, focus on creating new content for the people you’ve already attracted. What new product or program do they need next? Create for them and you will be building a product suite. I have a product suite of 3 core programs and each program builds into the next. It allows me to continue to support the audience I’ve already attracted while also growing my revenue.” – Amy Porterfield
loved this article. I guess much of the work should be done with billions of tons of patient. In my personal experience trying to get 1st page in Google for the past 2 months has been such a roller coaster experience. Searching for my position on Google every day. Checking the last time my site was indexed. Not getting the amounts of visitors I wanted monthly has been such a crazy but exciting experience.
{grow} – Listed 5 out of 20 times, is a community to help businesses grow, from influencer Mark Schaefer, a renowned marketing and social media strategist and sought-after speaker at digital marketing workshops. Recent posts included: (i) The key decision in influencer outreach and why everyone is missing it, (ii) The business case for content marketing consistency, and (iii) How I make money: My 18 sources of online revenue.
So, where are we supposed to turn to make money the legitimate way online? This isn't just about generating passive income; this is also about finding ways and means to create an active income through the conveniences afforded to us by the internet that will not only help us with our debt obligations, but also empower us to save, invest and get really rich in the future. 

There's a proverbial gold rush happening today, of people trying to launch chatbots for their businesses to help automate some of their sales and marketing efforts that are needed to properly grow and scale in today's market. However, similar to California's Gold Rush, those that will likely get rich are the ones that sell the picks and shovels. For that reason, why not launch your own chatbot business? Sure, there's some effort involved here, but this is definitely worth the steep learning curve.
Throughout your customer journey, there are bound to be moments when timely intervention on your part makes the difference between a sale and a “let me think about it.” Make sure that your marketing supports sales in finding these moments – whether it means sending automated follow-up emails to prospects that leave the road or designing new offers.
Secret Tip: Spend more time on your subject line than anything else; 64% of email recipients open emails based on the subject line, so it’s worth the extra time to craft one that will guarantee opens. And remember: subjects with 10 or fewer characters can see open rates of 58% or better, so keep it short and sweet. For help, see my article, “The Online Marketer’s Guide to Writing High-Converting Headlines.”
"The most painful mistake I see inexperienced entrepreneurs make is copying or doing the same things that successful entrepreneurs have done, expecting similar results. What first-time entrepreneurs don't realize is that the world is not a vacuum and there's more going on behind the scenes than it appears. There's much more effort that has gone into creating the success they see on the surface, and there's no guarantee that a particular tactic or strategy will be successful for everyone."
SEO can admittedly be a complicated and time consuming process, however the time needs to be spent here to ensure your website is getting found. Your best bet is usually going to be spending a bit more of your budget and hiring the right people to do the proper research. At Ciplex, we stress the importance of not including keywords to simply rank your site, but using the terms your audience is looking for. That is what will get you the highest conversion rates.
They can’t get a job: Many stumble into entrepreneurship when they can’t get a job. Getting fired, a lack of experience or a criminal record can prevent the average person from getting a job when they’re desperate. Instead of being defeated by their situation, they create new opportunities for themselves. A new graduate might start an online store the summer after graduation to build up their resume. A parent who is seasonally laid off each winter might start a business to ensure they can continue feeding their family while keeping a roof over their heads.
Video is growing like crazy. And more and more people are looking for professional help cutting their raw footage into viral-worthy content. If you have the right software and a bit of skill, you can easily make money online as a video editor. Check out these article of Fstoppers on how to become an online video editor and then look for relevant jobs on Mandy.com, Creative Cow Job Search, or ProductionHub.
The stock market is the type of market in which shares of companies are issued and traded between buyers and sellers. A new trend in this area is ‘social trading’, which is a way of incorporating a social element into investing. It could also be described an online trading social network for traders. One site offering this type of trading is EToro, which brings together a community of traders who copy each other’s investment decisions to earn money. If you are looking for a more traditional approach, then companies such as Options House may be an option for you. In case you already have some experience in trading, you may be interested in such types of trading as Forex.
Do you have what it takes to get through hard times? Here are the traits that help home-based business owners thrive. Regardless of your definition of success, there are, oddly enough, a great number of common characteristics that are shared by successful businesspeople. You can place a check beside each characteristic that you feel that you possess.
According to the U.S. Commerce Department, consumers spent $453.46 billion on the web for retail purchases in 2017, a 16.0% increase compared with $390.99 billion in 2016. That’s the highest growth rate since 2011, when online sales grew 17.5% over 2010. Forrester predicts that online sales will account for 17% of all US retail sales by 2022. And digital advertising is also growing strongly; According to Strategy Analytics, in 2017 digital advertising was up 12%, accounting for approximately 38% of overall spending on advertising, or $207.44 billion.
Thanks for the tips, Jeff! I am gonna try them out and see if I can get some more extra cash. May I suggest to other fellow readers one way I have been earning. I have been earning a bit by writing snippets on QWERIFY and it had been great and I am getting paid for writing contents for others. Writing is fun but I will also try these tips when I have the time!
"An efficient Google AdWords campaign, where you are sure you know how the platform works, can be a huge quarry of leads for small businesses," adds Kyle Peterson of Clement | Peterson, a tech PR and marketing firm. "Start with uber-targeted keywords, paying close attention to keyword match types, negative keywords and search query results to eliminate irrelevant visitors, like people looking for jobs," he says.
The sad truth is that for all the SEO consultants out there who know exactly what they're talking about, there are hundreds of others who are clueless, money-grabbing sharks. Their sole focus is on getting customers signed up to a 6-month retainer based on promised results. They then kick their heels for the first few months, pocketing cash for doing nothing.
Based on my own experience, it pays to be a thought leader in your own industry. In today’s world, it is easy to publish your own information (including videos), but the traditional media outlets still carry a lot of weight. Get positive exposure and help others by sharing your expertise. By building up a following and strategic partners, good things will happen. On a side note, it pays to love what you do. Hard work and dedication can separate success stories from those that do not have their heart in it. As the old Confucius quote goes, “Find something you love to do and you will never have to work for the rest of your life.”
Google Ads take up the first four positions on a search results page. Those results are the first ones people see and as you can imagine, get the majority of clicks. It sounds simple, but Google AdWords can be quite complicated especially with all of the settings and insights it offers. But if you do it right, all of those clicks will lead to conversions.
Great article and I don’t think there’s too much that you have covered in this informative article about optimizing your site with proper SEO and numerous other ways to popularize your site and increase long term traffic. I myself have used many of the ways including PPC and Blogs but wasn’t really aware of how much I haven’t done to increase my web traffic. One thing I would add is that if you don’t have the knowledge to SEO properly, it is well worth the investment to pay someone who does. Again, great article and helpful advice.
In 2017, there were almost 90 million pet dogs in the US. Which has opened up a huge opportunity to make money online as a dog watcher or sitter. Specialized sites like Rover or Care.com connect pet owners with pet walkers, sitters, and boarding houses to help look after their best friends when they’re at work or on a trip. If you’re an animal lover, you can make extra money and get to spend some quality time with a furry friend.
Google Ads take up the first four positions on a search results page. Those results are the first ones people see and as you can imagine, get the majority of clicks. It sounds simple, but Google AdWords can be quite complicated especially with all of the settings and insights it offers. But if you do it right, all of those clicks will lead to conversions.
The more content on your site, the more opportunities there are for search engines to pick it up. Blogging can be a great (and free!) way to generate leads and links into your site. But don’t just be producing content to produce content. Write quality blog posts that will engage the readers. Guest blogging on more established blogs is another way to get more traffic to your own site.

Content marketing is one of the important aspects of digital marketing. In fact, it has become the key subject in the digital marketing world. All the websites focus on the contents to stand out among the competitors. The Content Marketing blog is all about the contents. It discusses the value of contents in digital marketing. In addition, the blog will cover all the best content marketing practices and the latest trends.
You can work as a virtual assistant through dedicated websites, such as Upwork or Zirtual. All kinds of skills are needed, and compensation can vary anywhere between $10 per hour to $100 or more. Obviously, the higher pay will be to people who have more technical skills, such as web building skills and marketing. But you can find work doing administrative tasks at the lower end of the pay scale.

Just be sure to put a lot of care into your product listings. Everything from the titles you use, to how effective the description is at convincing potential buyers your product is better than the rest, and even taking care to shoot high quality product photos can have a dramatic impact on your sales. I recommend using photo editing tools like Fotor, which gives you the ability to edit your images, create captivating graphic designs and more.

If you are looking for some technology-focused know-about, this is a blog to read. It is one of the best online marketing platforms and provides real insights on tech and gadget coverage. The PSFK  is an excellent technology-focused platform that predicts the future of the industry. It keeps you well–prepared for the upcoming changes.The Bookmark is a name that is recognized worldwide when it comes to marketing. This company has done quite well regarding global marketing and using creative and innovative strategies.


How much will you make? I think my best month with Google AdSense was almost $5,000 over the last ten years. That amazing month blew my mind since it was actually near the beginning of my blogging journey. When you go from making zero to $5,000 in a month, that will rock your world. For me, it also got me even more excited because I knew there were other ways to monetize.

You can also market your ebook on your own website or blog, particularly if the site gets good traffic. Still another method is affiliate marketing. You can offer to pay sites related to your ebook a percentage of the sale price – say, anywhere between 20% and 50% – for them to post an ad or linked article for your book on their site. This could enable you to market your ebook on multiple platforms for greater market exposure.
8. Know what your clients really want. The purpose of business is to bring your clients a greater benefit, a greater advantage and a greater result. But if you don't know what their ultimate endpoint should be, than how can you help them? Don't assume you know the answer. Study their actions and talk with them to find out how you can become their hero.

The team at ahrefs have done a great job of modernizing SEO. Their blog tinkers on the edge between old and new school search engine tactics, from keywords to link building and beyond. One of the strongest characteristics of this blog, and why it has made the list, is the data-driven nature of its content that is backed up by an engine of up-to-date SEO metrics.

Double check yourself, before you double wreck yourself. Make sure everything you send to a company, whether a résumé, an email or a portfolio, is good to go. Double check your grammar and wording, and for God’s sake use spell check! This is especially important when it comes to the company’s name. Don’t spell their name wrong and be sure to type it how they type it (e.g. Problogger, not Pro Blogger).
Like anything else in this world, you'll either need a lot of time or a lot of money. If you have both, then clearly, you're ahead of the game. But most people have more of the former rather than the latter. But considering that time is finite and we only have a certain amount of it, using your time wisely and managing your time properly is crucial to ensure your success.
YouTube is the third largest site in the world, so there’s no surprise that video is becoming one of the main communication mediums for businesses of all types and sizes. If you have video filming or editing knowledge, it won’t take you long to build your clientele. Everything from video production workshops and video editing services to soundtrack libraries and DIY tutorials can appeal to the business world. Producing a video might be one of the most attractive online business ideas with lots of creativity and challenges.
If you’re a website or blog owner, you can sell a portion of your page space to advertisers and earn money passively each time the ads are clicked on by your target audience or visitors to your website. While the actual placing of the ads is completely free, the earning capacity of cost-per-click (CPC) advertising is based on the level of traffic to your site and the cost per click and click-through rate, or CTR. The most popular way to earn money today through advertising clicks is through Google AdSense or similar advertisers. Other ways of effective online advertising include RSS feeds and direct banners.
Updating the content on your website gives search engines a reason to keep ranking your site. Having fresh and current content also keeps your potential and returning customers coming back.Search engines are constantly crawling sites. You already know that fresh content will keep them coming back for more but stagnant content could hurt your websites rankings. The more you change or add to your site, the better your chances of maintaining a higher search ranking.
Instead, you’ll be following a proven strategy for maximizing views of multiple videos on a regular basis. You’ll be creating useful content…something engaging that people want to watch. And it works in many, many different niches. It could be a how-to video, a talking-head video on a topic of interest to people interested in your niche...the sky is the limit.
Econsultancy gives us up-to-the-minute news and insights on the biggest brands out there. We get to see digital marketing in action, by some of the world’s best known brands. As an added perk, Econsultancy offers up a vast selection of the most important digital marketing statistics —  perfect for backing up any hunches we may have about what’s next in the e-commerce and retail space.
If you’re starting a business, you’re going to take a few financial hits. As they say, you can’t make money without spending money. But there’s more to it than avoiding miserliness. The best entrepreneurs don’t think in terms of how much they make, they consider how much value they can add. That value might be financial, but it might well be social, psychological, or other ways.
Once they’re happy with the site you’ve made for them and they know you live up to your promises, it will be easier to sell those additional digital marketing services to them in the future. Maintain an excellent reputation with these people and not only will they become your repeat customers, but they’ll also be more inclined to refer you to their friends and colleagues.
This article is a collection of 5 of the best Internet marketing tips and tricks that we've both found and implemented over the past year. We've had great success with all of these Internet marketing tips, so we thought it only fair to share them with our readers and clients on this blog. If you have questions on these tips or could use our help as professional inbound marketers, feel free to give us a call or email us anytime.

So, I put together a free master course for you to take that spreads out all of the work involved in starting a blog, into a series of action-packed lessons. My free course breaks the entire process of starting a blog down into an incredibly simple 7-day process for going from 0 to publishing (and promoting) your first blog post in just 1 week. I can't recommend it enough.
The marketing automation coordinator helps choose and manage the software that allows the whole marketing team to understand their customers' behavior and measure the growth of their business. Because many of the marketing operations described above might be executed separately from one another, it's important for there to be someone who can group these digital activities into individual campaigns and track each campaign's performance.
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