If you choose to create and upload a video to your email marketing campaign, take additional precautions to verify that the video file size is well under 1 megabyte. You cannot assume that all recipients will have ultra-fast DSL connections, most users with slower connections will not be willing to wait for the video to load for longer than a minute.
They’re risk-takers: Calculated risk taking and entrepreneurship go hand in hand. Entrepreneurs don’t apply to jobs, they create them. With that comes risk. Whether it’s the financial risk of starting your first brand or the risk from not knowing what to expect, business is risky. Entrepreneurs are often taking risks by trying things the average person won’t, to do things the average person can’t.
If, on the other hand, you love reading but not so much writing, becoming a proofreader could be your calling. Have other people send you their manuscripts for books, research papers, or whatever else you are interested in reading about, and give them honest feedback before they publish their works of art. This job requires attention to detail and expertise in the area to ensure that everything is ready to print.
Because smartphones are everywhere, the demand for new and creative apps is increasing in popularity more than ever before. Between Google’s Android and Apple’s iPhone market, people are using countless apps everyday. And, most of them are selling right and left. Taking the time to develop and sell a smartphone app may be worth your while since it’s a very lucrative way to earn money online. The apps cost almost nothing to actually develop and don’t involve any shipping or storage costs, which works to expand your overall profit margin. Well performing apps can make thousands in ad revenue each month for their creators, making them another great passive income strategy.
Because smartphones are everywhere, the demand for new and creative apps is increasing in popularity more than ever before. Between Google’s Android and Apple’s iPhone market, people are using countless apps everyday. And, most of them are selling right and left. Taking the time to develop and sell a smartphone app may be worth your while since it’s a very lucrative way to earn money online. The apps cost almost nothing to actually develop and don’t involve any shipping or storage costs, which works to expand your overall profit margin. Well performing apps can make thousands in ad revenue each month for their creators, making them another great passive income strategy.
"Entrepreneurs have to be optimistic realists, which allows them to make tough choices ahead of any cash problems. I learned this as a young entrepreneur when running a small ski lodge in Idaho. Overly optimistic, I ran my business based on the best case scenario, and in turn lived in constant and mortal fear of missing payroll or delaying payments to vendors. I’ve since learned to operate with optimistic realism. And have run subsequent organizations by the metrics with clear guard rails in place."

Reed McManigle: At CTTEC we deal primarily with inventor teams of faculty and PhD students, and inventions that have resulted from (perhaps years) of research funding. With this starting point, it's easy for the inventors to be convinced that the science/technology is the key driver of success, instead of the actual drivers of finding a real, sizable problem to address; building and managing a team; developing and executing a go-to-market strategy, etc.
All written content on this site is for information purposes only. Opinions expressed herein are solely those of AWM, unless otherwise specifically cited. Material presented is believed to be from reliable sources and no representations are made by our firm as to another parties’ informational accuracy or completeness. All information or ideas provided should be discussed in detail with an advisor, accountant or legal counsel prior to implementation.
Just like optimizing your site to rank for keywords, you can use our online marketing tips to pay to run advertisements on Google so that your business is shown on the first page of search results. Ranking this way is instantaneous where as SEO takes some time before you will be able to see your site on the first page of search results. It certainly pays off to be at the top of the page.

All the major online retailers and websites are endorsing Backlinko. You can take the example of IBM, Amazon, Disney, and Apple. The founder of this blog is Brian Deon. He is one of the most sought-after SEO experts. Like the previous one, this blog will help you with actionable SEO advice. You will get exact strategies, tips, and techniques to get higher rankings in top search engines. The founder also shares the findings of his case studies. In addition, you will come to know about all the latest SEO trends.
Chris Ducker is a virtual CEO and founder of Virtual Staff Finder, which is one of Hubstaff’s 7 Awesome Virtual Assistant Companies in the Philippines. The quote above comes from an article titled 6 Ways to Make Money While Building an Online Business. Ducker says that in order to be successful at online selling, marketers should position themselves in a market where people need what they offer.
You can delve into original content marketing research which includes information on the content marketing industry’s benchmarks, trends, and budgets. Their blogs are a home to several compelling articles written about content strategy, storytelling and blogging best practices. Another bonus is that it keeps you updated with the latest content marketing events.

Now, here's an online business model that has unfortunately become the butt of far too many jokes. This is because a certain segment of society (that’s you, hipster!) went around loudly telling anyone willing to listen that they were full-time bloggers. The net result of all this misplaced enthusiasm is that if you tell any of your friends or family you're going to start a blogging business, they'll wrinkle their collective noses at you, while coughing politely.
Starting up a business is by no means an easy task. If you want to learn how to make money online, you need to have good business ideas, but you also need a great marketing plan. The good news is with a domain and hosting, alongside some basic skills, your ideas can become a reality. Each of the internet business ideas below are competitive niches, so make sure you go in with all guns blazing!
Obviously you would pursue standard marketing techniques like internet marketing, search engine optimization, posters, banners, fliers, etc. depending upon the nature of your business; but all of these marketing techniques have a turnaround time and fairly lower success rate for businesses which are not quite popular. Thus, the people in your vicinity and personal network will be vital for getting that initial revenue. You will be surprised to know that happy clients get you more clients! Most of the successful entrepreneurs have reported that about 50% of the clientele came from the initial clients they had successfully served.
English is rapidly becoming the most dominant language in the world. That means the demand for English teachers in other countries is far outstripping the supply. One of the most common remedies to this situation is to hire online English teachers and tutors. The best part is that becoming one of these tutors is a great way to make money from home online!

Find an audience for your passion or hobby and you’re all set to make money online doing something you love via a niche website. That of course, is easier said than done. Creating a profitable niche website takes time and is not intended for the faint of heart. But, if you can hurdle the steep challenges and positively answer a few key questions on whether the website business idea you’re thinking about is profitable, then you can begin building it and eventually monetize through advertising, affiliates, or other relevant products.


Bram Kanstein is an Amsterdam-based entrepreneur and co-founder of We Are Off The Record, a digital growth agency for startups. Bram also made Startup Stash, a curated directory of 400 resources and tools to help you build your Startup that has helped more than 300k+ entrepreneurs from around the world. Here's the best business advice Bram has to impart with entrepreneurs who want to start a business for the first time:
One of the great things about the internet is that you can go into business for yourself from the comfort of your home. All you need is an internet connection, and you can make money online. Diving into the online world will free you from the daily 9 to 5 grind of a desk job and afford you more time to travel, indulge in hobbies, and spend time with the family.
Tools & Resources: I’ve written a pretty comprehensive guide on the best web design software that covers both free and premium software packages. If you’re serious about becoming a web designer, then I recommend purchasing the full Adobe Creative Cloud Suite. At $49.99 per month, this is probably a bargain considering what you can achieve with this set of tools.
As more people want to establish their presence online no matter what their reason, the demand for WordPress themes and website templates continue to rise. Do you have a talent for designing websites and html coding? If so, you can make big bucks from creating attractive website themes. Create them and then sell them on marketplaces online like ThemeForest and TemplateMonster to generate a nice passive income for yourself depending on just how talented you are.
Sure, there are plenty of businesses offering social media consulting services, but you can stand out from the crowd by focusing primarily on networks that are still gathering steam with businesses. Facebook and Twitter are still the top networks, but businesses tend to struggle the most with more visual platforms like Instagram, Pinterest, Tumblr and Snapchat. All of these platforms have huge audiences, but many businesses don't realize how big they really are, how effective they can be and how to make them work for their niche. Snapchat has more than 158 million users per day, according to Business Insider. Instagram has more than 500 million daily active users, according to Statista, and Pinterest has more than 200 million. 
The quote above was taken from one of Baer’s presentations, Youtility, which talks about how marketing isn’t just competing for attention against other products, but other life elements around your target audience (such as family and friends). Companies shouldn’t be thinking about how they can become more exciting, but how they can help their target audience better.

Another important strategy is to build a network of support, both emotional and business-related. Entrepreneurs have a lot to worry about, and taking some of these tasks off your shoulders can help you focus on running your business. Many entrepreneurs will have a support group that includes an accounting or financial expert, a marketing consultant of some type, and a mentor that can provide advice and guidance.
If you’re a software engineer, the perks of working at a startup or tech giant are pretty sizable, but if you’re more invested in flexibility, diversity of projects, taking on work at your own pace, and the freedom of being your own boss, then freelance coding is one of the greatest online business ideas around. Whether you’re into web design—an especially popular freelance coding category—or another kind of software development, it shouldn’t be too much of a challenge to find clients you’re interested in helping out.
There is no need to waste your time on the conceptualization of what kind of a web design your business site should feature. Take a look at the examples of some of the most successful businesses in your niche. What tricks and hacks do those use on their web platforms? Learn from their example and create your own design (but don't copy your competitors!).
Instead, you’ll have to research the SEO optimization of the sites you see on auction, predict which companies and industries will be looking out for new domains, and get creative with out-of-the-box names that you can buy for little but turn around easily. Plus, patience is a virtue: it can take months, or even years, to get the right price (or any price!) for some domains you’ve purchased.
Today's consumers are used to companies fighting for their dollars and inventing comprehensive and meaningful user experiences for them. For instance, your lifeless social media accounts or the poor design of your blog can negatively impact the overall impression your brand leaves with its audience (you can check out awesome web templates here). Today's customers find it equally annoying when an offline shop does not accept credit cards or an online retailer does not respond to Twitter or Instagram comments. You want your digital presence to be seamlessly integrated into people's everyday lives, so personalize and improve your communication, offer free resources and services that are relevant to the product you are selling. Smart branding always pays off. That's one of the most proven digital marketing tips for small businesses in 2018.
The internet has made it possible for professional trainers to make money via training people without ever meeting them physically. For instance; if you want to train people on how to make hats or how to sow bags or how to make beads et al, all you need to do is to engage them on video chatting. You can as well send your videos and your training manuals online to those for paid for your services. Distance is not a barrier as far as the internet is involved.
Once you have one or two samples to show prospective clients, it's then time to find some. Sites like Freelancer and Upwork are good places to start out. But you don't need to stick to the same path taken by every other freelance writer. Use some lateral thinking to find clients. Join relevant groups on Facebook or LinkedIn. Have a look for forums dedicated to web development, digital marketing or SEO – there's almost always a “writers for hire” section you can use to find new clients.
By building an extensive following, this will allow you to gain profit by attracting key advertisers or get commissions by promoting other brand products (think affiliate). Blogging is big business; just ask Heather from Dooce.com. She’s a mom that blogs daily about her children and pets and has successfully turned her daily adventures into a very lucrative business by simply making money blogging. One of my favourite ways to make money from a blog is by creating your own online course.
Today, businesses have more ways -- and places -- than ever to market themselves. But deciding on a marketing method, particularly when you are a small or even a mid-sized business with a small budget and limited resources, can be difficult. While social media marketing is generally free, it can be time-consuming; and the same goes for blogging. But traditional print advertising, as well as digital advertising, can be expensive.

22. Advertising – This is definitely the most old-school way of earning money with a blog. It’s also starting to become the least common way. You can sell advertising spots directly on your site or you can sign up with a company like Google AdSense or Media.net. Either way, you won’t see a whole lot of money from ads until your views are well into the thousands each day.


Instead, you’ll be following a proven strategy for maximizing views of multiple videos on a regular basis. You’ll be creating useful content…something engaging that people want to watch. And it works in many, many different niches. It could be a how-to video, a talking-head video on a topic of interest to people interested in your niche...the sky is the limit.

The keyboard shortcut “Ctrl + F” means that you first press and hold the Ctrl key (should be bottom left of keyboard) and then press “F”. This shortcut will open up a “Find” window in whatever application you currently have up on your screen (like a browser or word document). You can type anything you want into the “find” window and it will search and find it for you.
Search engine optimization is essential for the success of a website. If you are looking for some tips to make your site search engine friendly, you should follow Search Engine Land. It covers the latest trends of SEO in a straightforward and simple manner. This blog is more popular since it covers all the aspects of the SEO with actionable steps. By following Search Engine Land, you can refine your SEO techniques. It does not matter you are a novice or an experienced digital marketer, this blog has a lot for you.
A virtual assistant is a great job to have if you want flexibility. You’ll be able to maintain multiple clients at once which mean you can easily fill gaps in your week or work overtime if you need to. A virtual assistant will generally charge £15-20 depending on the specifics of their job role. Expect to be assisting with tasks such as blogger outreach, product listings, research and responding to emails.
And in the new economy you can achieve financial independence on your own terms. You have the power to be as successful, perhaps even wealthy, as you want to be. This is a key insight for any entrepreneur, and a driving force in my own life. Owning my destiny, particularly my financial destiny, is scary at times — but it’s also empowering. Use the fear to power yourself to new heights.
If if you’d love to be an SEO superstar you’ll love Moz Blog – we promise. It’s packed full of useful blog posts on how to handle every element of your SEO strategy and practice – from the technical issues like how to overcome duplicate content issues to communication tactics like content strategy and relationship building. Our favourite thing about Moz Blog is that it helps you keep track and understand the mechanics behind the latest SEO updates.
23. Affiliates – There are many affiliate networks, such as FlexOffers and CJ Affiliate that allow you to promote other people’s products and services. You simply put a link or a banner on your page and then you get a percentage if someone clicks through and buys the product/service. You’ll want to select products that are specifically within your blog’s category.This is an effective way to earn money once you have the traffic coming to your blog.
Many people buy and sell domain names to earn money online since it takes very little time or investment. You can purchase a domain at its registration price or even much cheaper and then resell it for a profit. But, it always pays to do your homework first on websites like Afternic.com, Sedo.co.uk, or other domain auction websites in order to get a good idea of what’s popular in terms of domain names. An ideal way to find really good names is to check out terminated lists that offer many expired names and have made their way back into the pool for people to buy. A good site for this is expireddomains.net where you can put in your desired keyword that you want in your domain name and a long list of domain options will appear.
"To prevent disasters like this, I recommend taking a 50% upfront payment before you even start, then taking the final 50% before any final files are provided. Any client not willing to work this way is unlikely to ever pay and should be avoided. I also strongly advise freelancers to have a written freelance contract, signed by the client, detailing what’s been agreed upon and what will happen in various different circumstances. This will give you ammo should your client be unreasonable, and will also add a level of professionalism and credibility to your service."

We believe that business owners have been under the incorrect influence or impression, for way too long. That they need to keep paying for the “only alternative” in running tiny ads, in exchange for a comparatively small amount of new customer acquisitions’. Our primary objective is to show business owners and business management professionals that they can actually own “better alternatives” to internet marketing, by simply empowering themselves with a few simple tools, methods and proven successful internet marketing strategies.
You’ve probably heard that, when it comes to search engine optimization (SEO), content is still king. And one of the best ways to keep your site relevant for search engines is to consistently and frequently publish high-quality web content. In other words, keyword stuffing is out, and creating compelling content that people are eager to promote is in.
Out of all the online marketing tips we could possibly give you, remarketing is one of the most important. This tactic targets potential customers who have visited your site but maybe didn’t make a purchase. With remarketing, your ads will appear on other sites that those potential customers visit making it so your brand name is in front of their eyes even though they’re not on your website. Thus reminding them of your products and services over and over again, which encourages them to return to your site and make the purchase they didn’t make earlier
Need more ideas on how to make money online? Another strategy is using webinars to market your product, service, or course. I’ve done webinars to promote my financial planning practice and to drum up interest in my online course for financial advisors. With a webinar, you’re basically offering a lot of tips and advice for free — usually in a live format. At the end though, you pitch your paid product or service with the goal of securing a few deals.
For decades small-to-larger sized business owners and business management professionals have been under the impression that they have to spend top dollars for marketing, internet marketing and advertising that barely makes impact on their overall bottom line. The fact of the matter is that times and technology have changed enormously, especially in regard to how you can bring in new business by harnessing the power of the Internet. Specifically, business owners and business professionals now have the power to take control of their own marketing campaigns. Our job is to simply show you many of the ways that you can leverage some simple methods, resources and tools for attracting new customers.
However, if you're looking for realistic ways you can start earning money online now, then it really truly does boil down to seven paths you can take towards profit. Some will provide you with immediate results, helping you to address your basic monthly necessities such as rent, utilities and groceries, while others have the potential to transform your life by revolutionizing your finances in the long term.

What’s more, Patel is currently in the midst of an acquisition spree. Just months after he bought, rebranded and relaunched the Ubersuggest SEO tool on his own domain, he repeated the trick with the Kissmetrics blog, which, until earlier this summer, was one of the most authoritative marketing publications on the web. Even Patel’s post about his Kissmetrics purchase – which, interestingly, excluded the Kissmetrics analytics tool – makes for a captivating read.

Domain name trading has been around for the last couple decades, and while most slam-dunk names have long been sold off, there’s still plenty of others that you can get your hands on for relatively cheap and broker as a way to make money online. Before you dive in, however, beware that some experts doubt the long-term viability of this idea for making money online. However, there’s always the chance you might just land on a lucrative domain name for a future billion-dollar company. To get you started, here are some tips from GoDaddy, arguably the world’s largest and most famous repository of domain names.


Now next, you’ll want to pick a WordPress theme from somewhere like ThemeForest, Elegant Themes or OptimizePress. This is the barebones design of your site, which you can then customize with your own branding, copy, and images. That being said, you don’t want to cheap out. It costs less than $100 to buy a theme that will make your website look professional (and you can upgrade to a completely custom design once you get the business going).
It's important to keep in mind that participants don't "qualify" for all surveys. Market researchers often want opinions from users who match specific demographics or who are in-market for particular products and services. If you attempt a survey that you ultimately don't qualify for, Swagbucks will give you at least one point in its rewards program. You know what they say: "A penny for your thoughts".

It doesn’t pay much, but if you’re a healthy person and want to make a bit of extra money online, the AchieveMint app will reward you for doing things like walking, tracking your food, or taking health surveys. AchieveMint works by connecting to fitness apps you might already be using like Fitbit, RunKeeper, Healthkit, and MyFitnessPal and then giving you points for certain actions. For every 10,000 points, you earn $10 with no limit on your earnings.


The mastermind behind Quick Sprout Social is Neil Patel, a nationally recognized entrepreneur endorsed by Forbes Magazine and the Wall Street Journal. Don’t let the simplicity of his blog fool you; his content and strategies speak for themselves. We love how his blog is thoughtfully organized as either a “guide,” a “current hit,” or an “all-time hit.” Quick Sprout Social touches on everything from increasing social media engagement to converting people in your email campaigns. We definitely have him bookmarked to refer back to time and time again!

In the age of online business, our brave world of new media, we’re all digital marketers. From small business to the nonprofit sector, from the newest startup to the Fortune 100, online advertising has become an imperative, integral part of public outreach. Why? Because tech-cultured consumers shop for goods and services on search engines, then shares on social media. Organizations now connect with new customers and engage current ones electronically. Having a well-formed online strategy can yield exceptional returns, making premium digital marketing blogs a source of highly sought-after advice and information.
The internet has made it possible for professional trainers to make money via training people without ever meeting them physically. For instance; if you want to train people on how to make hats or how to sow bags or how to make beads et al, all you need to do is to engage them on video chatting. You can as well send your videos and your training manuals online to those for paid for your services. Distance is not a barrier as far as the internet is involved.

Survey Junkie is another popular online marketing and survey site, and they’re also a great option if you’re looking for ways to make money online. Survey Junkie lets you complete offers in exchange for points which can be redeemed for awesome rewards such as cash, gift cards, and more. All you need to do is fill out some basic information and you can get started completing offers right away.
Part of what you need to do is to choose a niche or concentrate on a target audience that can make it easier for you to attract people to you social networking site. For example you can start a social networking site to connect doctors and nurses together, you can start a social networking site that connects people of same ethnic groups or people with similar interest et al.
Arianna is a co-founder of The Huffington Post, author of the recent New York Times best-seller The Sleep Revolution and recently stepped down as Editor-in-Chief of The Huffington Post to pursue her new wellness startup, Thrive Global, which will offer wellness trainings and workshops on stress reduction. Here's her business advice for entrepreneurs who want to start a business for the first time:
They often expect you to commit to working a certain number of hours per week, which is generally part-time. They will pay you an hourly salary for that work, so it is really more of an at home job situation than it is in an entrepreneurial way to make money online. Still, if you want to get involved in political activity, and you have the time and motivation, this could be a way to monetize that passion.

Being a first-time entrepreneur can be challenging and nerve-wracking but also very exciting and rewarding. There is no end to the many financial, legal, staffing, marketing, and customer issues that will come up as you launch your business. A‎nd, unfortunately, there is a lot of conflicting advice out there for the aspiring entrepreneur. But here are 15 core tips to help you begin navigating the startup landscape:

Sign up for a reputable affiliate network: Aside from Amazon, there are dozens of large reputable affiliate networks, such as Share-A-Sale, Clickbank, and Skimlinks, that specialize in connecting you with merchants who are looking for affiliates to sell their products. They charge relatively low commission fees for the privilege of connecting you with merchants, and the merchants on these sites tend to offer much higher commission percentages or set dollar amount payouts.
Instead, you can get paid by companies to leave positive reviews and highlight products on your blog, Instagram, Twitter, YouTube, or other social channels. The higher your profile, the more of an impact your brand recommendation will make… And the more you’ll make with product placement. So long as your fans aren’t turned off by this advertising, affiliate marketing is one way to have your cake and eat it, too.
Because smartphones are everywhere, the demand for new and creative apps is increasing in popularity more than ever before. Between Google’s Android and Apple’s iPhone market, people are using countless apps everyday. And, most of them are selling right and left. Taking the time to develop and sell a smartphone app may be worth your while since it’s a very lucrative way to earn money online. The apps cost almost nothing to actually develop and don’t involve any shipping or storage costs, which works to expand your overall profit margin. Well performing apps can make thousands in ad revenue each month for their creators, making them another great passive income strategy.
While Etsy is fantastic for handmade goods that you’ve already created, if you’ve got killer designs that would look good on phone cases, t-shirts, or even wall hangings, pillows, and duvets, you can sell them on Society6 without paying anything to start. Society6 lets artists upload their designs and create their own shops where they choose what products their designs can be used on. That means one design can be used to make a whole range of awesome products that are printed and shipped on demand whenever someone buys from you. With top creators making thousands every month just from selling their designs.
Ksenych explains that their customers come from several contact channels: “Our contact information is displayed at the very top of every page on our website. A potential customer can contact us by phone, email us directly or submit a detailed moving quote request. These options accommodate all needs, from those that want to speak to someone right away as well as those that might be multi-tasking and prefer to send a detailed email.”
Steli is the CEO of Close.io, a high-powered inside sales communication platform (and my pick as the best CRM for small business) that's powered by his years of experience driving millions of dollars in sales for hundreds of venture backed Silicon Valley startups. Here's what Steli has to share as far as business advice for aspiring entrepreneurs who want to start a business today:
Write pitches. If you have located a client for whom you want to write, send pitches, which are topic ideas for articles. Write pitches that not only show your expertise, but also demonstrate your enthusiasm for the topic.[21] First, read the publication to which you are sending pitches to familiarize yourself with what they publish. If applicable, identify a specific section and send our pitch to the appropriate editor. Also, include a brief summary of who you are.[22]
Obviously there are tons of businesses going around and many of them might be in the same industry that you are targeting to enter. It is not uncommon for people to get lured by the lucrative opportunities in a particular marketplace and they want to grab a piece of the pie too! However, if you are a fresh entrant in a somewhat established marketplace, then you should be a little different from the existing players in order to be able to succeed. If you end up offering the exact same product or service that it already being offered by other already established players, then the chances for you t succeed are very low. You need to have an edge, an element of uniqueness that draws attention.
15. Optimize Your Website for Local Search – If your law practice only handles cases in Albuquerque, New Mexico, then it doesn’t do much good to get it seen by consumers searching for legal consultations in Crawford County, New Hampshire. Make sure your business website includes local information, like a phone number, address, and geo-targeted keywords so that local consumers call you.
Moz blog is useful for the viewers who are planning to move on with a career in SEO or dream to be SEO super hero. It’s a package of all the useful blog posts on handling every element related to the SEO strategy and practice, digital marketing industry news, SEO, or inbound marketing initiatives. One thing which made me the fan of these blogs is that it helps in keeping a track and understand the mechanics behind the latest SEO updates.
Tony is an entrepreneur, best-selling author, philanthropist and the nation’s #1 life and business strategist. A recognized authority on the psychology of leadership, negotiations and organizational turnaround, he has served as an advisor to leaders around the world for more than 38 years. He's also the author of five internationally bestselling books, including the recent New York Times #1 best-seller MONEY: Master The Game. Tony has empowered more than 50 million people from 100 countries through his audio, video and life training programs. Here's his business advice for aspiring entrepreneurs who want to start a business:
Nearly every company is now looking to build a website. In fact, even those companies that have a website are looking to make sure that theirs looks bigger and better than the competition. You can learn how to earn money from home with practically no investment and this is certainly one of the best business ideas for someone wanting huge amounts of flexibility.
×