By building an extensive following, this will allow you to gain profit by attracting key advertisers or get commissions by promoting other brand products (think affiliate). Blogging is big business; just ask Heather from Dooce.com. She’s a mom that blogs daily about her children and pets and has successfully turned her daily adventures into a very lucrative business by simply making money blogging. One of my favourite ways to make money from a blog is by creating your own online course.
It’s right to be suspicious of free money. The way cash back sites like Ebates work is that they act as an affiliate for online merchants. When you buy a product from the merchant through Ebates, Ebates gets a commission. The trick is that cash back sites then give you a part of the commission they earn as cash back. That way it’s a win-win-win – the merchant gets a sale, Ebates gets paid, and you spend less cash on something that you were going to buy anyway.

2. Important distinction: Typing youtube into the browser bar is not the same thing as typing http://youtube.com. The first will get you a list of search results based on the search query “youtube”. The second will take you straight to the website. You’d be surprised how many times that confuses people who are just learning the basic internet marketing for beginners concepts.
Content Marketing Institute is your one stop shop for all things content marketing! Whether you’re a beginner or an expert, write for B2B or B2C, you’re bound to learn something new here. Some of the things we love most about CMI’s blog are their extensive case studies and statistics (the most cited in the industry!). Another cool feature is the ability to search for content by industry, so you’ll always find something that matters to you.
Starting an online business is a tempting prospect – but that’s the easy part! The real challenge is to find out which opportunities are specific to your area of expertise or knowledge. To make your decision making a bit easier, we have created a list of online business ideas which shows you some specific examples of independent career paths suitable for various skill sets.
Even if every single class I’ve ever taken applied to entrepreneurship, which I can assure you is not the case, it’s hard to take what we learn in a classroom and apply it to the world around us. I learned more in my first week of trying to come up with a business idea than I did in at least half of the classes that I took throughout my high school career – for many young people this is the case.
Your ideas are wise, practical and valuable as well. I think you’ve just given such definitive list of ideas to employ in your marketing business. I really like this content! 🙂 You’ve listed such helpful, effective ideas to include in your marketing strategy, From social marketing up to the content marketing. Thanks for the shared knowledge! This is an epic article. 🙂

Hey [NAME], love what you’re doing on [Insert Platform]. My name is [Your Name] and I’m the head of SEO at [Your Agency]. I noticed that you have a large following on [Platform], but I wanted to give you a heads up that you’re missing out on approximately [INSERT TRAFFIC ESTIMATE] website visitors every month. Can I send you a quick video showing you how you can capture this traffic you’re missing out on?


27. Sponsored/paid posts – Many blogs publish sponsored and paid posts. Sponsored posts are basically just posts about a specific brand, product or service. A company will pay you to publish an article about it. It’s similar with other paid posts as well. Your basically selling the spot for the article on your site. If you decide to take this route, you’ll want to build your traffic before you will get many offers.

With stunning UX and an easy to navigate website, Digiday is the perfect go-to for all things marketing. Hang out on their website for a bit or sign up for their newsletter, Digiday Daily, which delivers top stories to your inbox each morning. This is my favorite option, as it pops up just in time for me to read an article or two before morning meetings. You won’t want to filter this one into your Spam folder.
Your product or service has to be at least good, if not great, to start out with. It has to be differentiated in some meaningful and important way from your competitors’ offerings‎. All else follows from this principle. Don’t dawdle on getting your product out to the market, as early customer feedback is one of the best ways to help improve it. As Reid Hoffman, venture capitalist and co-founder of LinkedIn, said: “If you are not embarrassed by the first version of your product, you’ve launched too late.”
Having a website built is one thing. Having it properly optimized is another. I hear you can get a good SEO job done in your website for around $500 a month. You should take a look at SEOMoz for that. I personally recommend that you be the one to do a bit of your on-page optimization though. And perhaps hire for the linkbuilding if you have the budget to do so.

In the age of online business, our brave world of new media, we’re all digital marketers. From small business to the nonprofit sector, from the newest startup to the Fortune 100, online advertising has become an imperative, integral part of public outreach. Why? Because tech-cultured consumers shop for goods and services on search engines, then shares on social media. Organizations now connect with new customers and engage current ones electronically. Having a well-formed online strategy can yield exceptional returns, making premium digital marketing blogs a source of highly sought-after advice and information.
9. Post online video. Video is still a little cutting-edge for some, but the benefits can’t be understated. Online video is the wave of the future, and every business needs to have something on YouTube, Metacafe, etc. If you’re concerned about expense here, keep in mind there are some low-budget options that won’t damage your brand while still providing concrete benefits.
If cooking is one of your personal passions, there are dozens of opportunities to turn it into a decent business venture. You can start by setting up a catering website, experimenting with pop-up food stalls and local food markets, or joining platforms that encourage cooking enthusiasts to squeeze some money out of their passion. And if you’re not camera-shy, you can teach people how to cook special meals by selling online classes.
You’ll find a lot of Smarp blog posts about bigger-picture thinking, mindset and company culture – and how those topics tie into marketing and growth. For example, this guide to fostering growth mindset may have a “how to” headline, but it’s far from a shallow tutorial. Their in-house writers are sharp, while compelling guest authors have included the likes of influencer marketing thought leader Shane Barker, Social Media Marketing World presenter Ben Beck, former Search Engine Journal lead editor Kelsey Jones and lead nurture expert Lilach Bullock.
If you're focusing on inbound techniques like SEO, social media, and content creation for a preexisting website, the good news is you don't need very much budget at all. With inbound marketing, the main focus is on creating high quality content that your audience will want to consume, which unless you're planning to outsource the work, the only investment you'll need is your time.
Based on my own experience, it pays to be a thought leader in your own industry. In today’s world, it is easy to publish your own information (including videos), but the traditional media outlets still carry a lot of weight. Get positive exposure and help others by sharing your expertise. By building up a following and strategic partners, good things will happen. On a side note, it pays to love what you do. Hard work and dedication can separate success stories from those that do not have their heart in it. As the old Confucius quote goes, “Find something you love to do and you will never have to work for the rest of your life.”

18. CraigsList – Some things don’t ship very well. Other things may make you feel uncomfortable to sell to someone across the country. Anytime you’re selling a large item or something you just don’t want to ship, Craigslist is a great place to go. It’s simple to list your item (again, take good pictures!). If you don’t like the idea of putting your phone number out there, the interested individual can send you a message to your inbox without even getting your email address.
There’s an excellent chance that you have one or several musical instruments sitting in storage that haven’t been used in years. Perhaps it’s a leftover from when you were in school, or even from your days playing in a band. Whatever the reason that you have it, it’s probably worth money if you can sell it. Brand-new instruments are ridiculously expensive, so people often look to buy used equipment instead, particularly if they are novices.
The right approach can mean a world of difference in business. Part of setting up a long-term plan is knowing where the problem spots are, as well as which business philosophies work better for which industries. That's why having a strong group of peers and mentors is so important for leaders: An outside perspective, or someone who has already faced a similar misstep, can mean all the difference between struggling and finding success.
With my skills system, when I achieve the items within this category, I will have improved my capabilities at work, contributed more to my organization and made myself a more attractive candidate in my career. With my health and wellness system, when I set aside time for the gym, meal planning and rest, I am more productive, energetic and less likely to get sick.
Have you ever thought about writing eBooks for a living? Or as part of your online business expansion, have you considered how to write an eBook and make money? Whether you’re a writer or not, gone are the days when you had to carry a physical book around to feed your desire to read. Put technology and mobility together, and you’ll have an entire library of eBooks or digital books right in your mobile device that you can browse anytime, anywhere.
UK spend on online video has seen 13.5% year on year growth, and now exceeds spend on TV advertising.  (PriceWaterhouseCoopers) Hundreds of statistics like this have meant that businesses have to produce videos. Well, they don’t have to, but if they don’t, they are going to be missing out. Video platforms are just another avenue to acquire potential consumers. You can offer video packages from £50-5,000 and beyond. Select your target market and market to them effectively.
Legal writing is a kind of technical writing used by lawyers, legislators, judges and other legal professionals to formulate legal analysis, legal rights and obligations. This type of text requires references or citations from a legal authority, and must often follow a prescribed format and include technical terms. The most common types of legal documents are employment contracts, company bylaws, meeting minutes, operating agreements, non-disclosure agreements, terms of use, contractor forms, leases, claims and complaints.

But for every entrepreneur that becomes a success, there are many others who fail. Gallup polling has found that 50% of business don’t make it past five years. According to Fortune Magazine, a staggering nine out of ten startups will eventually fail. Those numbers may seem disheartening, but it doesn’t mean you should never consider entrepreneurship for your career.
Do you know the ins and outs of search engines and have skills in platforms like Google Analytics? The owners of a lot of smaller companies don't realize how much of an impact search engine optimization (SEO) can have on their business. Educate those business owners on the power of SEO to help transform their websites into a more SEO-friendly property. Use your skills to show business owners how to read and use their analytics data the right way, and how to properly use keywords and structure content to get more traffic.
Travel blogging is a hard industry to break into. However, the rewards can be worth it, and let’s face it, who doesn’t want to be paid for traveling around the world! There are numerous ways to monetize a travel blog, but affiliate marketing should predominantly be your focus. On your blog, promote hotels, tours, equipment hire services, flights, and anything else travel related. Then take a cut of the proceeds as your audience books their holidays based on your recommendations.
There are several strategies that an organization can employ to reach out to their target markets on one of them is online marketing. If you have your own products or you choose to sell other people’s products, the internet is one of the cheapest and perhaps easiest ways of marketing goods and services. All you need to do is to sign up with an organization and they will assign some leads to you, you duty is to follow up on them until you generate sales from them and then you will be paid your commission. Following up on them could be sending reminder emails, chatting with them and also video calling them et al.
Large corporations and business firms can easily hire a full-time staff coordinator or corresponding agency to run their Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram accounts, but smaller businesses frequently have to manage their own marketing for social media. But, because they have a great number of other responsibilities, many times business owners are too overwhelmed or busy to spend a lot of time on developing their social media approach.

Obviously you would pursue standard marketing techniques like internet marketing, search engine optimization, posters, banners, fliers, etc. depending upon the nature of your business; but all of these marketing techniques have a turnaround time and fairly lower success rate for businesses which are not quite popular. Thus, the people in your vicinity and personal network will be vital for getting that initial revenue. You will be surprised to know that happy clients get you more clients! Most of the successful entrepreneurs have reported that about 50% of the clientele came from the initial clients they had successfully served.

Alibaba is a Chinese eCommerce store that matches Chinese suppliers with buyers all over the world. Prices are extremely cheap, providing the possibility of large profits. However, with the potential profits comes more risk. As you are dealing with suppliers in China, if the quality of the product that arrives isn’t up to standard there is little that you can do about it.

Find an audience for your passion or hobby and you’re all set to make money online doing something you love via a niche website. That of course, is easier said than done. Creating a profitable niche website takes time and is not intended for the faint of heart. But, if you can hurdle the steep challenges and positively answer a few key questions on whether the website business idea you’re thinking about is profitable, then you can begin building it and eventually monetize through advertising, affiliates, or other relevant products.


6. Try PPC (Pay-per-Click) advertising/Google AdWords. "SMBs need to be as targeted with their marketing efforts and dollars as possible, especially if their product/service is location specific -- and PPC ads are one way to do so," says David Waterman, account director, Digital Marketing, The Search Agency, a search marketing and optimization firm.

The position of your ad is determined by several factors that give your ad a score based on the quality of your ads and how much you are willing to pay per click. Even if other brands are competing for the same keyword as you are, it is possible to rank above them and pay less per click, but Google must see your ads as highly relevant in order for this to happen.
DeMers recommends researching competitor link strategy in order to see where they are building links and the type of links being used. Likewise, you can research competitors’ social following in order to mirror it, or even engage directly with competitors online. DeMers states that you can gain SEO momentum by watching what your competitors do, seeing what works and doesn’t, then using that as inspiration. For example, look at their content strategy and see what kind of topics they are writing about, which ones get the most comments or social shares, and how readers are reacting to the content.
SEO, SEO copywriting, CMS management and Social Media management is no joke, and those are just SOME parts of internet marketing. It will cost you, but it’s gonna be worth every penny you spend. Just make sure that the one doing these services for you is a trusted authority and service provider. There are lots of cheap cheats out there who will suck your wallet dry. Don’t even think of getting cheap with your SEO.
You know this one already. You include links to products you are promoting as an affiliate, and every time somebody buys the product, you get a commission. With a blog you can integrate advertising with content to make it even more likely you’ll get the sale. For example, you could do a product review — which is useful content — and then include a link to buy the product under an affiliate link.

Rather than making money through subscriptions, YouTube channels are based on a traditional advertising system. Meaning the more viewers you get, the more you make. Once you’re approved for the YouTube Partner Program and can start including ads on your videos, with every 1,000 views, you will make approximately $2-$4. Which might not seem like a lot, but if you have 100 videos with 5,000 views a month each, that would be $1,000–$2,000 already. Just imagine if your videos start hitting millions of views!

Marketing Land provides a lot of quality content on different topics and industry news. From updates in content management systems, to new features on social media platforms, their posts are informative and relevant. Recently some of their posts covered the CES Tech event in Las Vegas by posting panel discussions and blogging about different topics that were covered throughout the event. This live blog allowed people, who may not have been able to make it to the actual event, stay informed and become a part of the discussion even though they were not in attendance. Their blog lets you interact with various industry leaders, while providing their audience with content that is engaging and educational.


Post Daily — Ensure that you are not just posting your buy links, or marketing information because people will unfollow you. Instead share great content that adds value for your customer. Give them coupons, funny videos, awesome quotes and even how to videos your customer would enjoy. When you’re thinking of what content to post it’s good to follow the 80% Social 20% Marketing Rule. This means for every 10 post you do each day, only 2 of them should be direct marketing post. If you follow this principal your social media accounts will grow.
Jon is the New York Times best-selling author of five books, including Do Over. He’s helped some of the biggest brands in the world tell their story, including The Home Depot, Bose and Staples. Now, he speaks to hundreds of thousands of people annually and reaches over 4 million readers on his blogs. Here's his business advice for aspiring entrepreneurs who want to start a business:
Consider your expertise. If you take the time to reflect on your experiences, you will realize that you have more knowledge about which to write than you might think. Begin by listing three assets that define you, such as your profession, a special hobby or a personality trait. Next, list three things that inspire you, such as religion, education or charity. Finally, list three of your dreams, such as getting married, traveling or spending more time with your children. These three lists should give you many ideas of topics about which you can write.[13]
He is the co-founder of Neil Patel Digital. The Wall Street Journal calls him a top influencer on the web, Forbes says he is one of the top 10 marketers, and Entrepreneur Magazine says he created one of the 100 most brilliant companies. Neil is a New York Times bestselling author and was recognized as a top 100 entrepreneur under the age of 30 by President Obama and a top 100 entrepreneur under the age of 35 by the United Nations.
The quote above comes from a CIO article titled 8 Expert Online Marketing Tips for Small Businesses by Jennifer Lonoff Schiff. Lieberman states that the more you blog, the more traffic your website will get from search engines. Two new blogs a week will result in fresh content that could even generate some leads if each of your blog posts includes a call to action.
My next self-funded business hit $160,000 in revenue in its first year alone. After that first taste of self-made success, I’ve gone on to sign consulting contracts worth tens of thousands of dollars with startups like LinkedIn and Google, launch profitable online courses, and build a following of hundreds of thousands for this blog and my podcast series.

Overall, the Internet itself is overflowing with one money making opportunity after another. While making money online for most people isn’t their primary source of income, it can net a very solid supplement stream of incoming dollars each month. There are some online entrepreneurs, however, that are managing to mine gold due to all the effort, persistence, and time they’ve invested in order to make that dream come true. Can one of these online money making options work for you?

Kiss Metrics specialises in analytics, marketing and testing and its blog posts reflect this specialist knowledge. You can look forward to a host of beautifully designed infographics containing the latest digital marketing statistics, studies and tests. You’ll also find an array of useful digital marketing guides that tackle subjects like email marketing, social media and customer analytics.

Once you have sketched out the personas of your future buyers, get specific about how you define a successful small business. As an entrepreneur, you must be already measuring sales, profits, expenses, cash revenues and some kind of KPI for your activities. If not, read a brief overview of them. Now add digital advertising milestones to your working set of metrics. For example, you expect that promoting your commercial blog will affect the revenues up to a certain point in several months. But how can you make sure that you are moving towards your goal every time you write a blog post? We recommend considering such metrics as total visits, new sessions, channel-specific traffic, bounce rate, and customer retention rate. It's natural to have multiple objectives, given that you can track the results and follow Internet marketing tips for websites.
Shepper says users are fully insured, and it takes precautions to ensure your safety, including reviewing every booking that it receives. It may be worth taking extra steps too, such as telling a friend or family member where you'll be and arranging to contact them after you finish the job. Remember to trust your instincts – if you feel uncomfortable with any job, simply leave. 
What this means is that no matter how densely you pack in keywords and phrases - the biggest thing that matters when it comes to SEO and your Webpage's Google ranking happens on other people's sites, not your own. More specifically, the more incoming links to your article that are out there on the Web and Blogosphere, the higher your page will rank in Google. The lesson here is extremely valuable - create top quality content that other bloggers and Websites will want to link to.
What good is a successful startup if you destroy yourself in the process? Nothing is as precious as health, which is why you shouldn’t sacrifice your well-being for the sake of your entrepreneurship. In fact, what might seem like hard work could ultimately derail your career. Losing sleep, eating unhealthily and allowing yourself to become stressed are surefire ways to shorten your life expectancy. By tending to your health, you’ll have the strength to carry out your goals.

Maybe you have a passion for cooking, fashion, or crafting. Or maybe you just have tons of great ideas that you know will help others. Starting a blog not only allows you to share your passion with the world, it also allows you to make money in the process. At the time of this writing, the DollarSprout blog brings in nearly $200,000 in revenue each month and supports a small team of writers and editors.
Medium is an online community where anyone can post articles and essays and get them in front of their audience of millions of monthly readers. While it can be a great place to build your audience for your own blog or find customers for your consulting business, with Medium’s new Partner Program, you can now make money online whenever someone reads your articles. Register for free and you can choose whether your articles are freely available or only readable by those people paying $5/month for a premium Medium membership. You’ll make money based on the amount of people who read and engage with your posts each month.
Aaron Lee is a social media manager and entrepreneur who has helped 500,000 people globally through his website and social media profiles. He was featured in the Huffington Post, Social Media Examiner, Mashable and was ranked #5 on Forbes Top 50 Social Media Power Influencers in 2013. He is also the Grand Master of Customer Delight at Post Planner, a platform that helps businesses gain an extra edge on Facebook.
Drop shipping is fairly similar to running an affiliate store. You act as the mediator without ever touching the product. The difference between a drop shipper and affiliate is that the sale with drop shipping websites is not completely managed. You might have to set up systems to automatically make a purchase with your drop shipping company, in order for it to be sent directly to the end consumer.
If spending hours pinning images of gorgeous table arrangements and bouquets ideas on Pinterest is your definition of a perfect job, then you will make an exceptional wedding planner. Sharp project management skills and an eye for detail are pretty much the most important requirements for this job – no fancy diplomas to stop you from breaking into this industry! You can sell your consulting services, wedding decorations, game packages, personalized gifts – the list of possibilities is endless (well, almost).
If you're interested in online marketing, setup email software and create a lead magnet that you can use in your sales funnel. Then, build up that list. It's often said that you can expect to earn about $1 per subscriber per month. If you have a list of 10,000 subscribers, that means you can earn roughly around $10,000 per month. You will need to deliver value and not pitch them on every email, but it is a very achievable goal in a short period.
The ultimate goal of digital marketing is to make your business more money. One of the most powerful tools marketers now use to achieve that is marketing personalization. The Monetate blog focuses on topics related to using marketing personalization to increase profits, including the technology you need to accomplish one-to-one marketing, tips for testing and general ecommerce trends.
Another reason why you need a blog is that a blog-less website is mostly stale – there’s minimal update, not much new information, and not much interaction from the customers. A blog will make your website more customer and reader-friendly. It will also make your website more Google-friendly. Google loves new information. New articles = new information = Google love. Simple, right?
MemberPress is a feature-rich plugin that will enable you to turn your WordPress blog into a fully functional membership site. Depending on how you want to run your membership site, you could have a mixture of free and premium membership plans. Premium plans could include no adverts, free downloads, access to extra content, membership forums, and much more. However, it is important to remember that if people are going to pay to view your content then it must be high quality. Otherwise, your members won’t renew their subscriptions when the time comes.

Start by taking other courses you’re interested in: Not only is this important competitor and opportunity analysis, but it also gives you an idea of how a course could or should look and feel. What’s the pacing like? Is it via email, video, in-person chats? Once you understand how you want your course to look, it’s time to decide what it should include. Those same courses are a great starting place. How can you make your course better or more interesting? Do you have experience others don’t?


Once a site or blog is created and optimized for SEO (search engine optimization) purposes, the search engine marketing (SEM) begins. The potential for earning income in this area is literally through the roof if you know what you’re doing. An expert in SEO management is responsible for successfully marketing a website and can choose to promote it in a variety of ways.
But that is not the case with this dispensation; with the invention of the internet and of course good and reliable software, you be somewhere in Port Harcourt, Nigeria and place a bet online from a sport betting site that is located in Las Vegas, United States, for a football match between Arsenal FC and Manchester United in United Kingdom. Distance is no longer a barrier when it comes to placing bets on any of your favorite sports. So if you love sports and you love betting, then you should consider starting your own online sport betting business.
4. Good Sync is another syncing service that does a ton of stuff and has a lot of customization options. I use it to sync all my files locally to a memory card that I can just pop into a new computer whenever I want. This is a good option because it’s so fast, but it isn’t as convenient as Sugar Sync if you’re wanting to backup to an online server.
If you have the next Harry Potter manuscript sitting in your drawer and the publishing industry hasn’t been kind to you, try self-publishing. Using tools like Amazon’s direct publishing or working with dedicated consultants like I_Am, you not only get the satisfaction of pushing your work out there but also retain 100% of your royalties! Don’t think you can write a good novel? Then stick to what you know – self-help is a money-making genre!
If you operate a conventional brick and mortar jewelry store, you can leverage on the internet to expand your target market and of course make more monies. All you need to do is to employ the services of a web designer to help you design an online store and then secure a good online payment software and also good shipping arrangement and before you know it, you will start attracting customers from far and wide especially if your prices are highly competitive.
Being a first-time entrepreneur can be challenging and nerve-wracking but also very exciting and rewarding. There is no end to the many financial, legal, staffing, marketing, and customer issues that will come up as you launch your business. A‎nd, unfortunately, there is a lot of conflicting advice out there for the aspiring entrepreneur. But here are 15 core tips to help you begin navigating the startup landscape:
You duty is to create the enabling environment and you can make money by charging membership fees from aspiring members. Aside from membership fees, you can also sell you products (books, CDs, DVDs et al) if you have any. You can as well make yourself available for those who would require professional counseling especially as it relates to relationships.

Naturally, the next one on the list is coaching people how to deliver great speeches. Public speaking is the number one fear on most people’s list – some fear it more than death! This skill can prove to be handy in many areas – from pitching to investors, to delivering key messages at global conferences. If you’re a natural on stage, help entrepreneurs rediscover their in-born ability to communicate by selling effective presentation templates and online coaching classes.
First impressions are everything, so anything you can do to showcase your reputation and trustworthiness should be leveraged. “Any potential customer that visits our ‘About’ page will see all of the professional organizations we are members of, like the Chamber of Commerce, as well as our Better Business Bureau (BBB) accreditation and our A rating,” explains Ksenych.

28. Subscription – If you think of something valuable (newsletter, online magazine, etc.) that you can consistently offer on a certain basis (weekly, monthly, etc.), you may want to offer a subscription service. This could be a fee charged each time your product is sent out or on a monthly basis. Either way, this has to be something that your customers can only get by subscribing to your website.
Ksenych explains that their customers come from several contact channels: “Our contact information is displayed at the very top of every page on our website. A potential customer can contact us by phone, email us directly or submit a detailed moving quote request. These options accommodate all needs, from those that want to speak to someone right away as well as those that might be multi-tasking and prefer to send a detailed email.”
A pop-up on your website allows you to collect information such as email addresses, from people who visit your site. You can also use a popup to offer a coupon code or discount to first time customers to further entice them to continue to your site or buy your product or service. Combine them for the ultimate popup: A coupon in exchange for an email address. Popups are so helpful because once you create them, they do all the work for you.
"I advise entrepreneurs who struggle with this problem to first get their tasks organized and written down. I like Asana for this. The tasks that they find themselves adding repeatedly are tasks that they should think about delegating. At the end of the month you need to send out invoices, add numbers to your analytics spreadsheet, etc. Find someone else to do that. The hours you save by outsourcing these types of tasks will help you focus on the things that only you can do--like plan the strategy and direction of the business."
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